1830s to end 19th century
Victorian architecture took inspiration from many styles, including Elizabethan, Jacobean, Italianate and Scottish Baronial, but is most associated with the Gothic Revival, popularised by architects such as Charles Barry, Augustus Pugin, Gilbert Scott and William Butterfield – it was Butterfield who designed St Augustine's missionary college in Canterbury. The industrial revolution had brought down the cost of materials, such as the bricks and roofing slates which were almost ubiquitous for Victorian buildings, and the simplicity and regularity of Georgian and Regency designs gave way to decoration, colour and asymmetry.
Canterbury cannot claim to have substantial buildings designed entirely in this style, but some elements of the style are reflected in smaller features of buildings across the city (examples below).
single-storey bay windows
large-pane sash windows
decorated finials and ridges
Flemish bond brickwork
coloured brick patterns
round or octagonal towers
St Edmund's school, St Thomas Hill
Abbots Barton Hotel, New Dover Road