CANTERBURY HISTORICAL 

& ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (CHAS)

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Period

 

1830s to end 19th century

 

Description

 

Victorian architecture took inspiration from many styles, including Elizabethan, Jacobean, Italianate and Scottish Baronial, but is most associated with the Gothic Revival, popularised by architects such as Charles Barry, Augustus Pugin, Gilbert Scott and William Butterfield –  it was Butterfield who designed St Augustine's missionary college in Canterbury. The industrial revolution had brought down the cost of materials, such as the bricks and roofing slates which were almost ubiquitous for Victorian buildings, and the simplicity and regularity of Georgian and Regency designs gave way to decoration, colour and asymmetry.    

 

Features

 

Canterbury cannot claim to have substantial buildings designed entirely in this style, but some elements of the style are reflected in smaller features of buildings across the city (examples below).

 

Victorian Style

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Examples

 

 

pointed arches

single-storey bay windows

large-pane sash windows

decorative bargeboards

decorated finials and ridges

Flemish bond brickwork

coloured brick patterns

round or octagonal towers

turrets

St Edmund's school, St Thomas Hill

London Road

Norman Road

Abbots Barton Hotel, New Dover Road

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