covers period from 1880s onward
The Arts And Crafts movement promoted a return to traditional methods and materials, not just for architecture but for all aspects of household design. It was inspired by the ideas of artist, designer and writer William Morris (1834-1896) and was a rebellion against the mechanistic look of industrial mass production. Arts and Crafts architects favoured local materials and a rambling design, as if the building had evolved over time. The style was taken up by the garden city movement at the start of the 20th century and among its principle architects were Charles Voysey (1857–1941), Kent designer Hugh Mackay Baillie Scott (1865-1945) and Norman Shaw (1831-1912).